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Patent  :


               A patent protects the application of an idea. If an inventor creates a new, non obvious and useful machine, chemical, or process; or a new and non obvious design or plant; and gets a patent, others are excluded from  exploiting the invention for a period of prescribed  time. The inventor can en cash the profit from the invention. Patents are granted for useful items and  processes, such as  drugs, machines, and new  compositions of material.                                                                  




No patent will be granted in respect of an invention relating to atomic energy falling under the Atomic Energy Act, 1962.


Invention, in respect of which only methods or process for manufacture are patentable are as follows :


In the case of invention –


(a)    claiming substances intended for use or capable of being used, as food or as medicine or drug; or


(b)   relating to substances prepared or produced by chemical process (including alloys, optical glass, semiconductors and inter-metallic compounds), no patent shall be granted in respect of claims for the substances themselves, but claims for the methods or processes of manufacture shall be patentable. It may be noted that the said claims should relate to a single method of process of manufacture.




A complete specification is a document drawn in prescribed form which contains the following:


(a)    The title of the invention.


(b)   A full description of the invention and its operation and use and the method by which it is to be performed;


(c)    A disclosure of the best method of performing the invention which is known to the applicant and for which he is entitled to claim protection, if necessary with the help of drawings, examples etc.


(d)   A statement of claim or claims defining the scope of the invention for which protection is sought.




a)      In respect of  an invention claiming the method or process of manufacture of a substance, where the substance is intended for use, or is capable of being used, as food or as medicine or drug, be five years from the date of sealing of the patent, or seven years from the date of the patent whichever period is shorter : and


b)      In respect of any other invention, be fourteen years from the date of the patent.





            The first renewal fee will be due at the expiration of the second year from the date sealing of the patent. Thereafter renewal fee should be paid at the expiration of every succeeding year. Payment of renewal fee in advance is permissible. If the renewal fees is not paid within the prescribed period the patent will cease to have effect on the expire of such period. However, it is advisable to get patent renewed for fourteen years at once.




1.      An application for a patent may be made by;


(a)    a person claiming to be the true and first inventor of the invention;

(b)   an assignee of the true and first inventor in respect of the right to make an application; and

(c)    the legal representative of a deceased person who immediately before his death was entitled to apply.


2.      Any person, who wishes to file a patent application, shall submit the following documents:


            Documents required


1) An application in the prescribed form in triplicate.


2) A provisional specification or a complete specification along with drawings, if any, in triplicate. In case of a convention application it is necessary to file a complete specification along with the application.


3) Proof of right to make the application in case the application is made by virtue of an assignment of the right to apply for the Patent.


4) A statement and an undertaking regarding foreign application in the prescribed form in case the application is made by persons other than resident in India and not being an assignee or legal representative of a person resident outside India.


5) A declaration as to inventorship of the invention in the prescribed form may either be filed along with the complete specification or within 3 months thereafter obtaining            necessary extension of time, in case the application was accompanied by a provisional

specification in the first instance or in the case of Convention application.


6) In the case of convention application, certified copies of the specification or the             corresponding document filed by the applicant in the patent office of the convention country may either be filed along with the application or within 3 months thereafter or within such further period as the controller may on good cause allow.


7) A duly signed Appointment of Patent Agent on the prescribed form with the name and designation of the signatory typed underneath the signature.


8) Description of the invention/innovation.


9) All documents and copies of documents, except drawings must be sent in large and             legible with deep indelible ink with lines widely spaced upon one side only of strong white paper of a size of approximately 33 x 20.50 (centimeters).


10) Drawings if any executed on 33 x 20.50 (centimeters) with a clear margin of 1.50 cm width all round on Tracing Cloth or transparent or semi-transparent sheet of film made of plastic or fiber glass.


NOTE: All documents must be submitted in English language.

            Information required

            a) Name(s), address (es) and nationality (ies) of the Applicant(s).

            b) Name(s), address (es) and nationality (ies) of the inventor(s).

            c) If the Applicant is not the inventor :-

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